Works Cited

Allen, Rian, and Philippa Campsie. (2013). Implementing the Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe. Toronto: Neptis Foundation. Available online at:

Bourne, Larry S., Tom Hutton, Richard G. Shearmur, and Jim Simmons. (2011). Canadian Urban Regions: Trajectories of Growth and Change. Toronto: Oxford University Press.

Burchfield, Marcy. (2010). Implementing Residential Intensification Targets: Lessons from Research in Intensification Rates in Ontario. Toronto: The Neptis Foundation

CBC News. (2012). Census shows new face of the Canadian family. (Canadian Press story). Retrieved from:, Kelly, Reid Ewing, Gerrit-Jan Knaap, and Yan Song. (2008). Quantitative analysis of urban form: a multidisciplinary review. Journal of Urbanism 1(1): 17-45.

Du, Paul, Marcy Burchfield, Byron Moldofsky, and Jo Ashley. (2007). A guide for deriving a consolidated built-up urban area for the Toronto metropolitan region using satellite imagery. GIS and Cartography at University of Toronto, Technical Paper Series.

Ehrenhalt, Alan. (2012). The Great Inversion and the Future of the American City. New York: Knopf.

Filion, Pierre. (2007). The Urban Growth Centres Strategy in the Greater Golden Horseshoe: Lessons from Downtowns, Nodes and Corridors. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.

Filion, Pierre, Trudi Bunting, Dejan Pavlic, and Paul Langlois. (2010). Intensification and sprawl: Residential density trajectories in Canada's largest metropolitan regions. Urban Geography 31(4): 541-569.

Filion, Pierre, and Anna Kramer. (2012). Transformative metropolitan development models in large Canadian urban areas: The predominance of nodes. Urban Studies 49(10): 2237-2264.

Flint, Anthony. (2014). What millennials want--and why cities are right to pay them so much attention. The Atlantic CityLab. Retrieved November 27, 2014, from

Flint, Anthony. (2015). When it comes to housing affordability, are cities like Seattle doomed? The Atlantic CityLab. Retrieved April 28, 2015 from

Frey, William H. (2014). Will this be the decade of big city growth? Washington: Brookings Institute. Retrieved November 27, 2014, from

Fulton, William, Rolf Pendall, Mai Nguyen, and Alicia Harrison (2001). Who Sprawls Most? How Growth Patterns Differ Across the U.S. Brookings Institution Research Report. Retrieved March 25, 2015, from

Giratalla, Waleed, and Jason Owen. (2014). Opportunity Seized: Fast-growing Surrey, B.C., embraces district heating. Retrieved from:

Glendening, Parris N. (1997). Smart Growth and Neighborhood Conservation Policy. State of Maryland: Governor's Executive Order.

Gordon, David, and Mark Janzen. (2013). Suburban nation? Estimating the size of Canada's suburban population. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research 30(3): 197-220.

Grant, Jill (2006). Planning the Good Community: New Urbanism in Theory and Practice. New York: Routledge,

GVRD. (1975). The Livable Region 1976/1986: Proposals to manage the growth of Greater Vancouver. Burnaby, B.C.

International City-County Management Association--Smart Growth Network. (1998). Why Smart Growth: A Primer. Washington D.C.

Metrolinx. (2008). The Big Move. Retrieved from:

Metro Vancouver. (2011). Metro Vancouver 2040: Shaping Our Future. Available online at:

Nelson, Arthur C. (2013). Reshaping Metropolitan America. Washington, D.C., Island Press.

Neptis Foundation. (2014). Rethinking Sprawl: Challenges remain as new evidence shows Canada's suburbs growing denser. Brief. Retrieved from

Newman, Peter, and Jeffrey Kenworthy. (1999). Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence. Washington, D.C., Island Press.

Ontario. (2006). The Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe. Toronto: Ministry of Public Infrastructure Renewal. Retrieved from

Ontario. (2014). Performance Indicators for the Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe. Retrieved from:

Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. (n.d. a). Simcoe Sub-Area Amendment, January 2012 (webpage). Retrieved from:

Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. (n.d. b) Amendment 2 to Update and Extend the Population and Employment Forecasts (webpage). Retrieved from:

Sorensen, Andre, and Paul Hess. (2007). Metropolitan Indicators Poster. Toronto: Neptis Foundation. Available online at:

State of Maryland. (1997). Smart Growth Areas Act. Chapter 759 of the Laws of Maryland. Baltimore, MD.

Statistics Canada. (2013). Fifty years of families in Canada: 1961 to 2011: Families, households and marital status, 2011 Census of Population. Census in Brief document. Retrieved from:

Talen, Emily. (2003). Measuring urbanism: Issues in smart growth research. Journal of Urban Design 8(3): 195-215.

Taylor, Zack, and Marcy Burchfield, with Byron Moldofsky and Jo Ashley. (2010). Growing Cities: Comparing urban growth patterns and regional growth policies in Toronto and Vancouver. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.

Taylor, Zack, Marcy Burchfield, and Anna Kramer. (2014). Alberta cities at the crossroads: Urban development challenges and opportunities in historical and comparative perspective. University of Calgary School of Public Policy Research Papers, Volume 7, Issue 12.

TransLink. (n.d.) Frequent Transit Network (webpage). Retrieved from:

TransLink. (2008). Transport 2040: A Transportation Strategy for Metro Vancouver, Now and in the Future. Retrieved from:

Transport Action BC. (n.d.). Transport 2021 Long Range Transportation Plan. Retrieved from:

White, Richard. (2007). The Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe in Historical Perspective. The Neptis Foundation, Toronto.