BLG Berridge Lewinberg Greenberg, Inc
BLGDG Berridge Lewinberg Greenberg Dark Gabor, Inc.
CMHC Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
HMSO Her Majesty's Stationery Office
MHO Ministry of Housing (Ontario)
MMAH Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing (Ontario)
MPIR Ministry of Public Infrastructure Renewal (Ontario)
MTO Ministry of Transportation (Ontario)
Alexander, E.R. 1993. "Density Measures: A Review and Analysis," Journal of Architectural and Planning Research (10:3) 181-202.
Badoe, D.A. & E.J. Miller. 2000. "Transportation-land-use interaction: empirical findings in North America, and their implications for modeling," Transportation Research Part D (5) 235-63.
Banerjee, T. & W.C. Baer. 1984. Beyond the Neighbourhood Unit: Residential Environments and Public Policy. New York: Plenum Press.
Ben-Joseph, E. 2005. The Code of the City: Standards and the Hidden Language of Place Making. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Berke, P.R., J. MacDonald, N. White, M. Holmes, D. Line, K. Oury, & R. Ryznar. 2003. "Greening Development to Protect Watersheds: Does New Urbanism Make a Difference?" Journal of the American Planning Association (69:4) 397-413.
Blais, P. 1995. The Economics of Urban Form. Toronto: Berridge Lewinberg Greenberg Dark Gabor.
Blais, P. 2000. Inching Towards Sustainability: The Evolving Urban Structure of the GTA. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.
Blais, P. 2003. The Growth Opportunity. Issue Paper no. 5. Prepared for the Smart Growth Central Ontario Zone Panel. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.
BLG. 1991a. Guidelines for the Reurbanisation of Metropolitan Toronto. Prepared for the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto.
BLG. 1991b. Study of the Reurbanisation of Metropolitan Toronto. Prepared for the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto.
BLG. 1992. Shaping Growth in the GTA: A Commentary Report. Prepared for the Office for the Greater Toronto Area.
BLGDG. 1995. A Citizen's Guide to Built Form and Density [unpublished].
Blumenfeld, H. 1971. "Transportation in the Modern Metropolis." In L.S. Bourne, ed. The Internal Structure of the City. New York: Oxford University Press. 231-39.
Blumenfeld, H. 1991. "Mismatch between Size of Households and Dwelling Units." In Kent Gerecke, The Canadian City. Montreal: Black Rose Books. 197-206.
Boarnet, M.G. & R. Crane. 2001. Travel by Design: Influences of Urban Form on Travel. Cary, NC: Oxford University Press.
Bunting, T. 2004. "Decentralization or recentralization? A question of household versus population enumeration, Canadian Metropolitan areas 1971-1996," Environment and Planning A (36) 127-47.
Bunting, T., P. Filion, & H. Priston. 2002. "Density Gradients in Canadian Metropolitan Regions, 1971-96: Differential Patterns of Central Area and Suburban Growth and Change," Urban Studies (39:13) 2531-52.
Burchell, R. et al. 1998. The Costs of Sprawl - Revisited. Prepared for the Transport Research Board. Washington: National Academy Press.
Calthorpe, P. 1993. The Next American Metropolis. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.
Campoli, J. & A.S. MacLean. 2007. Visualizing Density. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.
Canadian Urban Institute with Harris Consulting. 2005. Business Competitiveness in the GTA: Why Toronto is Losing Ground. Final Report. Prepared for the Toronto Office Coalition. Toronto: Canadian Urban Institute.
Carruthers, J.I. & G.F. Ulfarsson, 2003. "Urban sprawl and the cost of public services," Environment and Planning B (30) 503-22.
Cervero, R. 1989. "Jobs-Housing Balancing and Regional Mobility," Journal of the American Planning Association (55:2) 136-50.
Cervero, R. 1995. "Planned communities, self-containment and commuting: a cross-national perspective," Urban Studies (32:7) 1135-61.
Cervero, R. 1996. "Jobs-Housing Balance Revisited: Trends and Impacts in the San Francisco Bay Area," Journal of the American Planning Association (62:4) 492-511.
Cervero, R. 1998. The Transit Metropolis: A Global Inquiry. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
Cervero, R. & M. Duncan. 2006. "Which reduced vehicle travel more: jobs-housing balance or retail-housing mix?" Journal of the American Planning Association (72:4) 475-90.
Cervero, R. & K. Kockelman. 1997. "Travel demand and the 3Ds: Density, Diversity, and Design," Transportation Research D (2:3) 199-219.
Charney, M. 2005. "Re-examining suburban dispersal: evidence from suburban Toronto," Journal of Urban Affairs (27:5) 467-84.
Churchman, A. 1999. "Disentangling the Concept of Density," Journal of Planning Literature (13:4) 389-411.
City of Brampton (Ontario). 1997. Official Plan.
City of Guelph (Ontario). 2006. Official Plan. Office consolidation, November.
City of Hamilton (Ontario). 2004. "Recommendations from the Master Plan related to Official Plan Policies and Zoning By-law regulations" in Parks & Open Space Draft Discussion Paper: Appendix "A". Website <http://www.myhamilton.ca/NR/rdonlyres/2C7E1EF9-BD33-4F25-B4B5-591D8192D8C0/0/Parks_App_A.pdf>. Accessed March 23, 2008.
City of Mississauga (Ontario). 1976. Official Plan.
City of Mississauga Economic Development Office. 2005a. 2005 Employment District Profiles (January).
City of Mississauga Economic Development Office. 2005b. Market Conditions (May).
City of Oshawa (Ontario). 1987. Official Plan.
City of Vaughan (Ontario). 2000. Official Plan Amendment 600. Draft, August 16.
CMHC. 1996. The Integrated Community: A Study of Alternative Land Development Standards.
CMHC. 1997. Conventional and Alternative Development Patterns - Phase I: Infrastructure Costs. Prepared by Essiambre-Phillips-Desjardins Associates.
CMHC & MMAH. 2003. GTA Residential Land Inventory Survey.
Crane, R. & R. Crepeau. 1998. Does Neighborhood Design Influence Travel? Behavioral Analysis of Travel Diary and GIS Data. Working Paper UCTC No. 374. Berkeley: University of California Transportation Center.
Criterion Planners. 2004. Index Planning Support System. Portland, OR: Criterion Planners. Website <http://www.crit.com>.
Cutsinger, J., G. Galster, H. Wolman, R. Hanson, & D. Towns. 2005. "Verifying the Multi-dimensional Nature of Metropolitan Land Use: Advancing the Understanding and Measurement of Sprawl," Journal of Urban Affairs (27:3) 235-59.
De Chiara, J., J. Panero, & M. Zelnik. 1995. Time-Saver Standards for Housing and Residential Development, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill.
De Sousa, C.A. 2002. "Measuring the public costs and benefits of brownfield development versus greenfield development in the Greater Toronto Area," Environment and Planning B (29) 251-80.
Dept. of Communities and Local Government (UK). 2006. Planning Policy Statement 3: Housing. London: HMSO.
Dept. of Communities and Local Government (UK). 2007. Land Use Change in England: Residential Development to 2006 - July 2007 Update. London: HMSO.
Design Center for American Urban Landscape. n.d. Housing Density. Minneapolis: College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, University of Minnesota.
Diamond, A.J. 1976. "Residential Density and Housing Form," Journal of Architectural Education (29:3) 15-17.
Dieleman, F.M., M. Dijst, & G. Burghouwt. 2002. "Urban form and travel behaviour: micro-level household attributes and residential context," Urban Studies (39:3) 507-27.
Edmonston, B., M. Goldberg, & J. Mercer. 1985. "Urban Form in Canada and the United States: An Examination of Urban Density Gradients," Urban Studies (22:3) 209-17.
Eid, J., H.G. Overman, D. Puga, & M.A. Turner. 2006. "Fat City: Questioning the Relationship Between Urban Sprawl and Obesity." Working Paper. Website <http://diegopuga.org/research/fatcity.pdf>.
Engeland, J., R. Lewis, S. Ehrlich, & J. Che. 2005. Evolving Housing Conditions in Canada's Census Metropolitan Areas, 1991-2001. Catalogue No. 89-613-MWE. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Ewing, R. & R. Cervero. 2002. "Travel and the Built Environment: A Synthesis," Transportation Research Record (1780) Paper No. 01-3515.
Federal Housing Administration. 1971. Land Use Intensity. Land Planning Bulletin no. 7. Washington D.C.: USGPO.
Filion, P. 2007. The Urban Growth Centres Strategy in the Greater Golden Horseshoe: Lessons from Downtowns, Nodes, and Corridors. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.
Frank, L.D. & G. Pivo. 1994. "Impacts of Mixed Use and Density on Utilization of Three Modes of Travel: Single-Occupant Vehicle, Transit, and Walking," Transportation Research Record (1466) 44-52.
Fraser, D.M. & B.P. Neary. The State of Greenlands Protection in South Central Ontario. Toronto: Neptis Foundation, 2004 [second printing 2005].
Galster, G., R. Hanson, H. Wolman, S. Coleman, & J. Freihage, "Wrestling sprawl to the ground: defining and measuring an elusive concept," Housing Policy Debate 12:4 (2001) 681-718.
GHK Canada in association with Earth Tech Canada Inc., E. Miller, R. Wright, P. Gozdyra, & M. Neumann. 2002. Growing Together: Prospects for Renewal in the Toronto Region: Summary Report. Prepared for the City of Toronto.
Giuliano, G. & K.A. Small. 1993. "Is the Journey to Work Explained by Urban Structure?" Urban Studies (30:9) 1485-1500.
Gordon, D.L.A. & K. Tamminga. 2002. "Large-scale traditional neighbourhood development and preemptive ecosystem planning: the Markham experience," Journal of Urban Design (7:3) 321-40.
Gordon, D.L.A. & S. Vipond. 2005. "Gross Density and New Urbanism: Comparing Conventional and New Urbanist Suburbs in Markham, Ontario," Journal of the American Planning Association (71:1) 41-54.
Gordon, P. & H. Richardson. 1997. "Are compact cities a desirable planning goal?" Journal of the American Planning Association (63:1) 95-106.
Grant, J. 2002. "Mixed-use in theory and practice: Canadian experience with implementing a planning principle," Journal of the American Planning Association (68:1) 71-84.
Greenwald, M.J. 2003. "The Road Less Traveled: New Urbanist Inducements to Travel Mode Substitution for Nonwork Trips," Journal of Planning Education and Research (23) 39-57.
GVRD. 1996. Livable Region Strategic Plan.
Hackett, C.W. 1956. An Analysis of Planned Industrial Districts. Occasional Paper No. 4. Seattle, WA: Bureau of Business Research, College of Business Administration, University of Washington.
Handy, S. 1992. "Regional versus local accessibility: Neo-traditional development and its implications for non-work travel." Built Environment (18:4) 253-67.
Handy, S., K. Clifton, & J. Fisher. 1998. The effectiveness of land use policies as a strategy for reducing automobile dependence: a study of Austin neighbourhoods. Research Report SWUTC/98/467501-1. Austin: University of Texas.
Helling, A. "The effect of residential accessibility to employment on men's and women's travel." 1998. Women's Travel Issues: Proceedings from the Second National Conference, October 1996. HPM-40. Publication No. FHWA-PL-97-024. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Office of Highway Information Management. 146-63.
Hemson Consulting. 2002. The Adequacy of Urban Land Supply in Halton Region. Prepared for the Halton Area Planning Partnership.
Hemson Consulting. 2003a. Growth and Urban Land Need in Central Ontario. Prepared for the Greater Toronto Homebuilders Association.
Hemson Consulting. 2003b. Investing for Tomorrow: Moving Forward with Smart Growth in Central Ontario. Prepared for the Urban Development Institute - Ontario.
Hemson Consulting. 2003c. Memorandum re: Public Facility Needs in North Oakville East of Sixteen Mile Creek. Prepared for the Town of Oakville.
Hemson Consulting. 2003d. Providing Employment Land in Hamilton -- Financial Options. Prepared for the City of Hamilton.
Hemson Consulting. 2003e. Town of Oakville Employment Land Market Assessment: East of Sixteen Mile Creek Secondary Plan Study. Prepared for the Town of Oakville.
Hemson Consulting. 2005. Growth Outlook for the Greater Golden Horseshoe. Prepared for the Government of Ontario.
Hemson Consulting, Milus Bollenberghe Topps Watchorn, & Baird/Sampson Architects. 1993. Report of the GTA House Forms and Densities Steering Committee. Prepared for the Ontario Ministry of Housing.
Hernandez, T. & J. Simmons. 2006. "Evolving retail landscapes: power retail in Canada," The Canadian Geographer (50:4) 465-86.
Hess, P.M., A.V. Moudon, M.C. Snyder, & K. Stanilov. 1999. "Site design and pedestrian travel," Transportation Research Record (1674) 9-19.
Hitchcock, J. 1994. A Primer on the use of density in land use planning. Papers on Planning and Design No. 41. Toronto: Programme in Planning, University of Toronto.
Hosack, W.M. 2001. Land Development Calculations. New York: McGraw Hill.
Howard, E. 1902. Garden Cities of To-morrow.
IBI Group. 1990. Greater Toronto Region Urban Concepts Study. Toronto: Office of the Greater Toronto Area.
IBI Group. 1995. GTA Urban Structure Concepts Study Revisited: Broad Revision of Selected Cost Estimates. Toronto: GTA Task Force.
IBI Group. 2002. Toronto-Related Region Futures Study: Interim Report, Implications of Business-as-Usual Development. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.
IBI Group. 2003 Toronto-Related Region Futures Study: Sketch Modelling of Four Alternative Development Concepts. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.
IBI Group. 1993. Urban Travel and Sustainable Development: The Canadian Experience. Ottawa: CMHC.
Jacobs, J. 1961. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Random House.
Jenks, M. & N. Dempsey. 2005. "The Language and Meaning of Density." In M. Jenks & N. Dempsey, eds. Future Forms and Design for Sustainable Cities. Oxford, UK: Elzevier/Architectural Press. 287-309.
Jones, K. 2000. "Dynamics of the Canadian Retail Environment." In P. Filion and T. Bunting, eds., Canadian Cities in Transition, 2nd ed. Toronto: Oxford University Press. 404-22
Jones, K. & M. Doucet. 2000. "Big-box retailing and the urban retail structure: the case of the Toronto area," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services (7) 233-47.
Jones, K. & M. Doucet. 2001. "The big box, the flagship, and beyond: impacts and trends in the Greater Toronto Area," The Canadian Geographer (45:4) 494-512.
Kaiser, E.J., D.R. Godschalk, & F.S. Chapin, Jr. 1995. Urban Land Use Planning, 4th ed. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Knaap, G., Y. Song, & Z. Nedovic-Budic. 2005. "Measuring Patterns of Urban Development: New Intelligence for the War on Sprawl." Working Paper. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.
Krieger, A. 2002. "Smarter Standards and Regulations: Diversifying the Spatial Paradigm of Subdivisions." In T. Szold & A. Carbonell, eds., Smart growth: form and consequences. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. 110-27.
Krizek, K.J. 2003. "Operationalizing Neighborhood Accessibility for Land Use-Travel Behavior Research and Regional Modeling," Journal of Planning Education and Research (22) 270-87.
Kulash, W., J. Anglin, & D. Marks. 1990. "Traditional Neighborhood Development: Will the Traffic Work?" Development (21) 21-24.
Lang, R. 2003. Edgeless Cities. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.
Lang, R., J. LeFurgy, & A.C. Nelson. 2006. "The Six Suburban Eras of the United States," Opolis (2:1) 65-72.
Lehman & Associates with IBI Group, Hill & Knowlton / Decima Research. 1995. Urban Density Study: Technical Report. Toronto: Office for the Greater Toronto Area.
Levine, J. 1998. "Rethinking accessibility and jobs-housing balance," Journal of the American Planning Association (64:2) 133-149.
Lorius, A. 2004. "How to Meet the Challenges of Planning for Employment Land," Ontario Planning Journal (19:6) 3.
Lund, H. 2003. "Testing the Claims of New Urbanism," Journal of the American Planning Association (69:4) 414-29.
Malone Given Parsons Ltd. 2004. Analysis of Land Supply in the GTA-Hamilton Area. Toronto: Urban Development Institute.
Malone Given Parsons. 1993a. Town of Ajax: Future Employment Area Requirements.
Malone Given Parsons. 1993b. Town of Ajax: Future Living Requirements, Report 1.
MapArt Publishing. 2005. The Golden Horseshoe. Oshawa: MapArt Publishing Corp.
Metropolitan Knowledge International with the Centre for Spatial Economics and Meridian Plan. 2002. City of Burlington Employment Lands Review: Final Report.
Metropolitan Toronto Planning Board. 1959. Official Plan of the Metropolitan Toronto Planning Area.
Metropolitan Toronto Planning Board. 1965. Official Plan of the Metropolitan Toronto Planning Area.
Metropolitan Toronto Planning Board Research Division. 1974. Preliminary impressions of the urban structure to 1971.
Miller, E. & A. Shalaby. 2000. Travel in the Greater Toronto Area: Past and Current Behaviour in Relation to Urban Form. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.
Miller, E. & R. Soberman. 2003. Travel Demand and Urban Form. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.
Miller, E., M.J. Roorda, M. Haider, & A. Mohammadian. 2004. Travel and Housing Costs in the Greater Toronto Area: An Empirical Analysis, 1986-96. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.
Millward, H. & T. Bunting. 2008. "Patterning in urban population densities: a spatiotemporal model compared with Toronto 1971-2001," Environment and Planning A (40) 283-302.
MHO. 1976. Urban Development Standards: A Demonstration of the Potential for Reducing Costs, 1st ed. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MHO. 1982. Urban Development Standards: A Review. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MHO. 1993. Report of the GTA House Forms and Densities Steering Committee. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MMAH. 1995a. Making Choices: Alternative Development Standards Guideline. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MMAH. 1995b. Projection Methodology Guideline. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MMAH. 2004. "A Development Plan for North Pickering: Planning + Design Workshop #2." PowerPoint Presentation. Website <http://www.mah.gov.on.ca/Asset1854.aspx> (6 October). Viewed July 15, 2008.
MMAH. 2005a. "Employment Lands." Summary of background reports. Central Pickering Development Plan. Website <http://www.mah.gov.on.ca/userfiles/HTML/nts_1_24591_1.html>. Viewed July 15, 2008.
MMAH. 2005b. "Natural Heritage System." Summary of background reports, Central Pickering Development Plan. Website <http://www.mah.gov.on.ca/Page1733.aspx>. Viewed July 15, 2008.
MMAH. 2005c. Provincial Policy Statement. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MMAH. 2005d. "Social, Institutional, Open Space, and Recreational Facilities." Summary of background reports, Central Pickering Development Plan. Website. <http://www.mah.gov.on.ca/Page1733.aspx>. Viewed July 15, 2008.
MMAH. 2006. Central Pickering Development Plan. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MPIR. 2005a. Draft Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe (February). Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MPIR. 2005b. Proposed Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe (November). Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MPIR. 2006a. Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe (June 16). Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MPIR. 2006b. Technical Backgrounder: Intensification and Density Targets (June 16). Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
MPIR. 2008. Planning for Employment in the Greater Golden Horseshoe: Background Paper (May). Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
Mitra, R. 2007. Evolution of Urban Form and Travel Behaviour in the Greater Toronto Area, 1986-2001: An Overview. M.Pl. Thesis, School of Urban and Regional Planning, Queen's University.
Mitra, R. & D. Gordon. 2007. "Have urban form and travel behaviour changed in the GTA?" Ontario Planning Journal (22:5) 10-11.
Moudon, A.V., P.M. Hess, M.C. Snyder, & K. Stanilov. 1997. "Effects of Site Design on Pedestrian Travel in Mixed-Use, Medium-Density Environments," Transportation Research Record (1578) 48-55.
MTO & MMAH, 1992. Transit-Supportive Land Use Planning Guidelines. Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario.
Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto (Ontario). 1981. Official Plan for the Urban Structure.
Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto (Ontario). 1990. The GTA: Concepts for the Future.
Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto (Ontario). 1994. The Liveable Metropolis: the Official Plan of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto.
Nelson, A.C. & J.C. Nicholas. 1992. "Estimating and Applying Functional Population," Journal of Urban Planning and Development (118:2) 45-58.
Nelson, A.C. 2004. Planner's Estimating Guide. Chicago: Planners Press/American Planning Association.
Neptis Foundation. Forthcoming. The Ins and Outs of Residential Intensification.
Neuman, M. 2005. "The Compact City Fallacy," Journal of Planning Education and Research (25) 11-26.
Newman, P. & J. Kenworthy. 1999. Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
Nowlan, D. & G. Stewart. 1991. "Downtown Population Growth and Commuting Trips," Journal of the American Planning Association (57:2) 165-82.
Oakville Economic Development Alliance. 2000. Employment Lands Strategy for the Town of Oakville: Final Report of the Employment Lands Supply Task Force. Oakville: OEDA.
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (UK). 2004. Employment Land Reviews: Guidance Note. London: HMSO.
Openshaw, S. & P.J. Taylor. 1981. "The Modifiable Areal Unit Problem." In N. Wrigley & R.J. Bennett, eds., Quantitative Geography: A British View. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 60-69.
Ottensmann, J.R. 2000. "Applications of Spreadsheet Optimization Capabilities in Teaching Planning Methods: Facility Location and Spatial Interaction," Journal of Planning Education and Research (20) 247-58.
Ove Arup & Partners International. 2001. Employment Densities: A Full Guide, Final Report. London: English Partnerships.
Perry, C. 1929. "The Neighborhood Unit." In Neighborhood and Community Planning, Regional Survey, Regional Plan of New York and its Environs, Vol. VII. New York Regional Plan Association. 22-140.
Plan Canada. 1996 (36:4).
Places to Grow Act, 2005, S.O. 2005, c. 13 (Bill 136).
Planning Act, R.S.O. 1960, c. 296.
Planning Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. P.13.
planningAlliance. n.d. Spreadsheet, Proposed Plan C -- Average Densities Calculation, Central Pickering Development Plan.
Planning and Conservation Land Statute Law Amendment Act, S.O. 2006, c. 23 (Bill 51).
Pomeroy, S. 1999. Professional Attitudes Toward Alternative Development Standards. Toronto: Intergovernmental Committee on Urban and Regional Research.
Provincial-Municipal Urban Form Working Group. 1992. Urban Form: Bringing the Vision into Focus. Toronto: Office for the Greater Toronto Area.
Pushkarev, B. S. & J. M. Zupan. 1977. Public Transportation and Land Use Policy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1977.
Rapoport, A. 1975. "Toward a redefinition of density." Environment and Behaviour (7:2) 133-58.
Real Estate Research Corporation. 1974. The Costs of Sprawl: Environmental and Economic Costs of Alternative Residential Development Patterns at the Urban Fringe. Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency.
Regional Municipality of Peel (Ontario). 2005. Official Plan of the Regional Municipality of Peel (July 1996, office consolidation Nov. 2005).
Regional Municipality of York (Ontario). 2003. "Area Municipal Profiles." Employment and Industry 2003. Newmarket, Ont.: Regional Municipality of York.
Regional Municipality of York (Ontario). 2005. Official Plan of the Regional Municipality of York (Oct. 1994, office consolidation Nov.).
Regional Municipality of Waterloo (Ontario). 2007. Visualizing Density, Part II: Future Possibilities.
Report of the Planning Act Review Committee. 1977. Toronto: Government of Ontario.
Riekko, H. 2005. Urban form and public transit use: A study examining the relationship between urban form and public transit use in the Greater Toronto Area in 2001. M.Pl. Thesis, School of Urban and Regional Planning, Queen's University.
Rusk, J. 2007. "Oakville, developers strike a deal on green space." Globe and Mail (17 August) A9.
Scheer, B.C. & M. Petkov, 1998. "Edge City Morphology: A Comparison of Commercial Centres," Journal of the American Planning Association (64:3) 298-309.
Scheiner, J. & B. Kasper. 2005. "A Lifestyles approach to investigating residential mobility and travel behaviour." In K. Williams, ed., Spatial Planning, Urban Form and Sustainable Transport. London: Ashgate. 42-60.
Schimek, P. 1996. "Household motor vehicle ownership and use: how much does residential density matter?" Transportation Research Record (1552) 120-25.
Schwanen, T., M. Dijst, & F. Dieleman. 2005. "The relationship between land use and travel patterns: variations by household type." In K. Williams, ed., Spatial Planning, Urban Form and Sustainable Transport. London: Ashgate. 17-41.
Siksna, A.1997. "The effects of block size and form in North American and Australian city centres." Urban Morphology (1) 19-33.
Simmons, J. 1996. Commercial Structure of the Greater Toronto Area: 1996. Toronto: Ryerson Polytechnical University, Centre for the Study of Commercial Activity.
Sloane, D.C. 2006. "From congestion to sprawl," Journal of the American Planning Association (72:1) 10-18.
Soberman, R., D. Crowley, H. Dalkie, P. Dalton, S. Karakatsanis, E. Levy, T. McCormack, & J. Vance. 2006. Transportation Challenges in the Greater Toronto Area. Toronto: The Residential and Civil Construction Alliance of Ontario.
Southworth, M. 1997. "Walkable Suburbs? An Evaluation of Neotraditional Communities at the Urban Edge." Journal of the American Planning Association (63:1) 28-44.
Southworth, M. & E. Ben-Joseph. 1997. Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Southworth, M. & P.M. Owens. 1993. "The Evolving Metropolis: Studies of Community, Neighborhood, and Street Form at the Urban Edge." Journal of the American Planning Association (59:3) 271-87.
Statistics Canada. 1941. Census of Canada, Volume I - General Review and Summary Tables.
Statistics Canada. 1951. Census of Canada, Volume I - Population.
Statistics Canada. 2001a. Community Profiles. Cat. No. 93F0053XIE.
Statistics Canada. 2004 Census Dictionary. Cat. No. 92-378-XIE (revised).
Statistics Canada. 2007. Family Portrait: Continuity and Change in Canadian Families and Households in 2006, 2006 Census. Cat. No. 97-553-XIE.
"The Office Park ... a new concept in office space." 1965. Industrial Development and Manufacturers Record (134:9) 9-14.
Town of Oakville (Ontario). 2006. Official Plan. Office Consolidation (September 30).
Town of Oakville (Ontario). 2007. North Oakville East Secondary Plan. Official Plan Amendment Number 272 (August 10).
Town of Whitby (Ontario). 1995. Official Plan.
Troy, P. 1996. The Perils of Urban Consolidation. Sydney, Australia: Federation Press,
Urban Design Advisory Service (New South Wales). 1998. Residential Densities: A handbook illustrating the urban design characteristics of different densities. Sydney, Australia: Dept. of Urban Affairs and Planning.
Urban Land Institute. 2001. Business Park and Industrial Development Handbook. ULI Development Handbook Series. Washington, D.C.: Urban Land Institute.
Van de Coevering, P. & T. Schwanen. 2006. "Re-evaluating the impact of urban form on travel patterns in Europe and North America," Transport Policy (13) 229-39.
Vandersmissen, M.-H., M. Therialt, & P. Villeneuve. 2004. "What about effective access to cars in motorized households?" The Canadian Geographer (48:4) 488-504.
Weston, L.M. 2002. "A Methodology to Evaluate Neighbourhood Urban Form: A Comparison to New Urbanist Principles," Planning Forum (8) 64-77. Website <http://www.ar.utexas.edu/planning/forum/vol8.htm>.
Wheeler, S.M. 2003. "The Evolution of Urban Form in Portland and Toronto: implications for sustainability planning," Local Environment (8:3) 317-36.
Will Dunning Inc. 2006. Economic Influences on Population Growth and Housing Demand in the Greater Golden Horseshoe. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.
Will Dunning Inc. 2004. North Pickering Housing Market Context. Prepared for the Government of Ontario.
Williams, K. 2005. "Spatial Planning, Urban Form and Sustainable Transport: An Introduction." In K. Williams, ed., Spatial Planning, Urban Form and Sustainable Transport. London: Ashgate. 1-13.
Wright, R.M. 2000. The Evolving Physical Condition of the Greater Toronto Area: Space, Form and Change. Toronto: Neptis Foundation.
Zhang, M. 2004. "The Role of Land Use in Travel Mode Choice: Evidence from Boston and Hong Kong," Journal of the American Planning Association (70:3) 344-60.