While most of the development of the Whitby study area occurred after 1946, its tight gridiron of streets reflects 19th-century patterns. The study area takes in the residential area south of the commercial district centred on Dundas and Brock Streets. Three large-scale land uses have been imposed on the existing grid: two grocery stores and a shopping centre. Just under 60% of the study area's housing stock is in the form of single-detached houses, with most of the rest in high- and low-rise apartment form. Despite high road and intersection densities, non-motorized mode share is low. This is not surprising, given the population of the town.